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UTEP Analysis of San Jose PD Limited Detention Data Completed
Filed under Press Release, on 2/17/2017 12:27:00 PM by Author: Sergeant Enrique Garcia #2936.

Press Release 


Analysis of San Jose Police “Stop” Data Shows Fewer Racial Disparities than Expected


San Jose, Calif. - A comprehensive analysis of San Jose Police Department “limited detention” (or stop) data has revealed that in general there were fewer statistically valid differences in the experience of pedestrians and drivers of different races when they are stopped by San Jose officers than might have been expected in a community as diverse as San Jose.

The report also found there were some racial disparities in the patterns and practices for how SJPD handles vehicle and pedestrian stops.

The study, conducted by the Center for Law and Human Behavior at the University of Texas at El Paso, was based on data collected by SJPD for 30 months from September 2013 through March 2016. SJPD contracted with UTEP in February 2016 to conduct a statistical analysis of limited detention data and provide recommendations to address and reduce disparities in limited detention actions.

“The San Jose Police Department is a professional police department with no apparent cultural issues,” said Dr. Michael Smith, the lead researcher from UTEP.

San Jose Police Chief Eddie Garcia said, “The good news is SJPD is not a department in crisis.”

The final report represents an extensive examination of the correlation between individuals' race/ethnicity and traffic/pedestrian stop outcomes. The report also provides a series of recommendations for the Police Department, including ways to improve data collected during stops, as well as recommended policies, practices, and training to reduce any potential police bias.

The study can be found at

“I am proud of the professionalism of the men and woman of this department and the tremendous job they do daily, however I also recognize that we are not perfect. We’ll never stop striving for fairness in the way we serve and protect our residents. Regardless of these findings, I recognize that there is a level of distrust of police in parts of our community, and our entire department must always keep working to increase trust and improve perceptions of police legitimacy,” said Police Chief Eddie Garcia.

"We've already made a deep commitment to the high standards for 21st Century Policing and to fostering a departmental culture where crime reduction and community trust go hand in hand. This study is one of many initiatives our police department has undertaken to earn that trust and achieve better community safety. The first step in any effort to improve is self-assessment, and this report provides a critical benchmark of existing stop practices that will help us make more progress.”

The analysis is the outcome from the San Jose Independent Police Auditor's recommendation in 2012 that the police department adopt a policy requiring officers to document when they make a stop and require an individual to sit on the curb, handcuff them, or place them in the back of a police car for the purposes of a limited detention.

SJPD followed up and implemented the new policy in September 2013 to document limited detentions that include curb sitting, temporarily handcuffing, or temporarily placing persons in a police vehicle during self-initiated pedestrian and vehicle stops.

Chief Garcia and the UTEP research team will present the study findings and recommendations to the San Jose City Council on Tuesday, February 28, 2017.



About the City of San Jose

Known as the Capital of Silicon Valley, San Jose is the nation's tenth largest city, and the largest city in Northern California, with an ethnically diverse population of more than one million. San Jose was founded in 1777, once served as the state capital of California, and now encompasses 180 square miles. Facts about San Jose can be found here: The City's website is

About San Jose Police Department

The San Jose Police Department is a dynamic, progressive and professional organization dedicated to maintaining community partnerships that promote a high quality of life for the city's diverse population. The department is committed to treating all people with dignity, fairness and respect, protecting their rights and providing equal protection under the law. SJPD consists of 1400 employees including both sworn and non-sworn staff. Department employees are assigned to one of four bureaus composed of 11 divisions with more than 50 specialized units and assignments. For more information, go to

About the Center for Law and Human Behavior, University of Texas at El Paso

The Center for Law and Human Behavior is a focal point at the University of Texas at El Paso for extramural research in the social and behavioral sciences. At the CLHB, faculty interested in pursuing funded research will find the expertise and support they need to help them refine their ideas, craft competitive proposals, and manage their grants once they are awarded. The CLHB also serves as a community of scholars and helps identify common interests and research themes among faculty and students for multidisciplinary research and inquiry.


BY: Sergeant Enrique Garcia #2936 AUTHORIZED BY: Chief Eddie Garcia 
DATE: 2/17/2017 TIME: 12:15 PM DATE: 2/17/2017 TIME: 12:15 PM


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